Aviation Refueling Equipment


Quality Control Equipment

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Decals

Self Adhesive Grade Decals

They are screen printed on 0.2 mm thick self adhesive vinyl with a 7 year outdoor life. The ink used is resistant to the elements, UV light and fuel spillage. They are ideal for applying to pipelines, refuelling vehicles, storage tanks, sample containers and many other areas.


Density and Temperature

Hydrometers and Thermometers

We stock an extensive range of oil company approved and JIG compliant high quality hydrometers, thermometers and ancillaries for checking the density and temperature of hydrocarbon fuels. Thermometers are all in accordance with IP/ASTM standards, and hydrometers are all in accordance with BS718M50SP. The following table illustrates our main stock items but other ranges are available on request. A manufacturer's Certificate Of Conformity is supplied with each instrument as standard, but a full UKAS calibration certificate is available at extra cost. A UKAS calibration certificate is required when the instrument is to be used as reference master against which working instruments are checked on site.

Thermometer UKAS Certificate. Part number 0902000083.
Hydrometer UKAS Certificate. Part number 0902000097.

There is an increasing preference for using blue spirit to replace Mercury in thermometers. The blue spirit thermometers are non hazardous, environmentally friendly and are much easier to read than the Mercury equivalents. It is also possible to send them by courier or airfreight without special packaging and hazardous products documentation. Our blue spirit thermometers are all fully IP/ASTM approved, with the same level of certification and quality control as the equivalent Mercury instruments, and we strongly recommend their use.


Conductivity Meter

Model 1152 Digital Conductivity Meter

The Model 1152 Conductivity Meter has been designed and developed specifically to measure the conductivity of Jet Fuel in order to quantify and minimise this potential hazard. It provides the ability to measure the electrical conductivity of liquids in Picosiemens per Meter (pS/m) as defined by ASTM D 2624 with an accuracy of 2% (±1 pS/m) over the range of 0-1999 pS/m.

The Model 1152 has a large digit digital display and is battery operated, it is powered by readily available standard batteries (Eveready A544). The robust design and the fact that it is certified intrinsically safe in accordance with ATEX EEx ia IIA T4 means that the unit can be used to check the fuel conductivity in the field or in the laboratory, hence providing a truly universal method of measuring and monitoring the conductivity of Jet Fuel. The unit is fitted with a replaceable Stainless Steel probe and a detachable grounding wire.

The Model 1152 has a self check calibration feature to ensure that it remains accurate throughout its service life. To complete the package the 1152 is housed in a plastic impact and solvent resistant carry case.

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Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Underwing Nozzles & Accessories

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Underwing Refueling Nozzle Model 60427

Description

Eaton's Carter Model 60427 Underwing Refueling Nozzle is utilized worldwide by more companies and at more airports than any other nozzle. Tens of thousands have been produced for the industry since its introduction in 1970. Although designed for commercial application, it has been wideiy used by the military, especially in pantograph hot refueling operations. It is of modular design with various swivel disconnects, hose end control valves (HECVs) and other options available to tailor the nozzle to specific requirements. Model 60427 is a family of nozzles building upon the base unit to achieve the desired end product.

Features

  • Lightweight and rugged
  • Connects to 3-lug international standard aircraft adapter
  • Self-adiusting pressure-loaded nose seal
  • No mechanical adjustments or springs used. Leak free under extreme side loads, worn adapters and extreme temperatures.
  • Nose seal can be changed with minimal disassembly
  • Lead-in ramps of stainless steel for longer life
  • Operating handle fully protected from damage
  • Bicycle—type handles with replaceable grips standard for ease of operation and low cost replacement
  • Two threaded ports in nozzle body allow simultaneous vacuum breaker and product sampling fitting installation
  • Modular construction — easy to customize to specific requirements
  • 2, 2 1/2 and 3-inch NPT and BSPP threaded quick disconnect (QD) inlets available
  • Optional 60- and 100-mesh screens retained with snap ring for ease of removal
  • 35, 45 and 55 psi (2.413, 3.103 and 3.792 bar) hose end control valves available
  • Choice of new ball valve or dry break disconnect for easy strainer inspection available
  • Bonding cable, vacuum breaker and longer (6-inch) handles optional
  • Low pressure drop

Underwing Refueling Nozzle Model 60429

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes a number underwing refueling nozzle models. Model 64049 Underwing Nozzle is designed for small airfield fixed base operators' (FBOS) use. Model 64049 has an easy to use Quick Disconnect (OD) for strainer checking, with or without an effective dry break. The underwing nozzle, a derivation of Model 64348, utilizes the a unisex coupling as the disconnect. Along with this underwing nozzle, Eaton also offers an interchange fitting to effect easy underwing to overwing or closed circuit refueling (CCR) nozzle interchange with a minimum of fuel spillage.

Features

  • Unisex coupling used for quick disconnect or dry break disconnect
  • Designed for small airport applications on 1 1/2 or 2-inch hoses
  • Overwing or CCR nozzle to underwing nozzle interchange fitting available
  • Integral swivel, independent of OD, makes connection to aircraft easy
  • Connects to 3-lug international standard aircraft adapter
  • Self—adjusting pressure loaded nose seal. No mechanical adjustments or springs used.
  • Leak free under extreme side loads, worn adapters and extreme temperatures
  • Long-life stainless steel lead-in ramps interface aircraft adapter for longer life
  • Positive interlock — nozzle cannot be removed from aircraft in open position
  • Flow control handle, of high strength zinc aluminum alloy, fully protected from damage
  • Replaceable bicycle-type handles and grips standard for ease of operation. Circular grip also available.
  • Two threaded pans in nozzle body for simultaneous vacuum breaker and product sampling fitting installation are standard
  • Lightweight and rugged
  • Modular construction
  • 1 1/2 and 2-inch female NPT and BSPP threaded OD inlets optional
  • 1 1/2 and 2-inch female NPT and BSPP threaded OD dry break inlets optional
  • Optional 40, 60 and 100-mesh screens retained with snap ring for ease of removal
  • Bonding cable, vacuum breaker optional

Pressure Fueling Nozzle Model 64200

Description

Eaton's Carter product line of ground fueling equipment includes several underwing refueling nozzle models. Building on the success of earlier Carter Model 64348, the lightweight and rugged Model 64200 Pressure Refueling Nozzle is designed to increase durability and decrease maintenance costs. Model 64200 uses the same accessories as the earlier Model 64348 nozzle. All of these accessories now have stainless steel wear rings in swivel ball joints.

The interlock mechanism is internal to the nozzle body, therefore there are no pins to wear aircraft adapter slots. It has no collar or other moving parts on the exterior of the nozzle (with the exception of the operating lever), thereby reducing the need to replace worn components. The handles are made of a very rugged standard composite material and do not include any metal, thereby eliminating potential bending of the handles.

Options include a "U" bracket for nozzle stowage and a one-piece stirrup handle with stowage capability — no need to use the aircraft adapter or a special type of stowage device.

The operating lever, replaceable from the exterior of the nozzle and made of less expensive, more ductile material, is backed up with a boss on the nozzle body to prevent bending. The operating lever has a replaceable knob to eliminate razor-sharp abrasion wear patterns prevalent on competitor's nozzles. The lever has also been designed to turn in a counter-clockwise direction (the earlier Model 64348 was clockwise). This eliminates interference with some aircraft that are not designed to standards.

Features

  • Connects to 3-lug international standard aircraft adapter
  • Self-adjusting pressure-loaded nose seal. No mechanical adjustments or springs used.
  • Sampling fitting installation is standard
  • Leak-free under extreme side loads, worn adapters and extreme temperatures
  • Low pressure drop
  • Two threaded ports in nozzle body for simultaneous vacuum breaker and product sampling
  • 2, 2 1/2 and 3-inch NPT and BSPP threaded quick disconnect (QD) inlets available
  • Optional 40, 60 8: 100—mesh screens retained with snap ring for ease of removal
  • 35 psi (2.413 bar), 45 psi (3.103 bar) and 55 psi (3.792) Hose End Control Valves (HECV) available.
  • Double redundant safety lock on/easy off QD
  • Easier swiveling under all conditions. Swivel independent of QD.
  • Choice of ball valve or dry break disconnect for easy strainer inspection available

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Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Hydrant Couplers

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Hydrant Coupler - API Style Model 61525

Description

Eaton's Carter Model 61525 hydrant coupler is a rugged, lightweight 4-inch coupler designed for the high flow rates used in today's hydrant systems. Model 61525 is available with a variety of options to meet most customers' requirements.

Features

  • Mates Eaton hydrant valve Models 60554, 61654 and all units in accordance with API Bulletin 1584
  • Standard rigid poppet handle located in position to fit all hydrant valves without interference
  • Lightweight — 19.5lbs (8.845 kg) with 90° elbow and quick disconnect (QD)
  • Mechanical interlock prevents opening of poppet until properly connected to hydrant. Cannot be removed until fully closed.
  • Standard secondary collar interlock prevents "blow-off" situations
  • External dust cap standard
  • Plastic bumper protects metal parts
  • 3 and 4-inch NPT and BSPP outlet threaded connections available. 4-inch ASSPT also available.
  • Self—adjusting spring loaded nose seal
  • Optional 3/4-inch NPT sense port located in elbow
  • Optional folding handle
  • Optional product selection
  • Optional 1 3/4-inch stroke available to mate older non-standard API hydrant valves

Hydrant Coupler - API Style Model 64800

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes Model 64800 Coupler, designed to supersede earlier Model 60700-1. It is used for air reference pressure control systems.

Many new features were incorporated into the design of Model 64800 at the request of long-time users of Model 60700-1, the standard of the industry for over 35 years.

Features

  • Mates all standard hydrant valves in accordance with API 1584
  • Air/fuel sense ports parallel to outlet
  • All ports with straight O-ring sealed threads
  • 2 1/2. 3 and 4 inch NPT or BSPP outlet threads available
  • Air bleed under sealed screw
  • Closing time adjustment accessible without removal of air port fitting
  • Studs used for connecting lower half, reducing chance of over—tightening connecting fasteners
  • Existing Model 60700-1 couplers can be retrofitted to gain most new features by changing only the elbow half
  • Outlet of elbow flanged to accept various outlet male adapter fittings. Options to mate to older quick disconnects (QD) available, reducing maintenance costs if the male fitting is damaged.
  • Optional carrying handles available. Transverse mounting standard, parallel optional. A second QD mounted handle is also available.
  • Carriage affixed by studs. No special length bolts required, reducing chance of error when carriage is added in the field.
  • Port to connect to hydrant provided on coupler — no special hose assembly required
  • Parts common to 3 inch inline valves and Model 60700-1 used for less costly maintenance
  • Lower half of coupler (connecting unit to hydrant) has not been changed
  • System proof pressure of up to 450 psig (31.026 bar)
  • Suitable for operating pressures of 200 psig (13.790 bar)
  • Changes have been made without an increase in weight
  • Outlet QD has thumb latches for easy disconnecting without use of any tools

Hydrant Coupler 2 1/2-Inch Model 64300

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes a variety of hydrant couplers. Model 64300 Hydrant Coupler is designed to connect a hydrant servicer to a hydrant valve which incorporates a 2 1/2-inch international standard three lug aircraft bayonet adapter. Model 64300 is a lightweight, rugged coupler that utilizes many parts common to Eaton's Model 64250 nozzle.

Features

  • Improved swivels incorporated in elbow for easier operation
  • Many of the parts are identical and, therefore, interchangeable with the Model 64250 nozzle
  • Self-adjusting pressure loaded nose seal automatically compensates for temperature extremes, side loads and worn adapters
  • Mates with 2 1/2-inch international standard bayonet type adapter
  • Mechanical interlock prevents fuel flow until coupler is secured to hydrant adapter. Coupler cannot be disconnected from hydrant valve until fuel flow is stopped.
  • Circular handle standard. Also available with rugged loop hands
  • Product selection feature available to fit either U.S. standard or Avery Hardoll as options
  • Extra heavy duty 90° elbow with double swivels available as an option
  • When equipped with shroud with oversized I.D., can be utilized for bottom loading refuelers

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Inline Valves, Bypass Valves, Venturis, Compensators

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Pressure Loss Compensator and Venturis Model 60559, 64085, 64086, 64088, 64193

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes Model 60559 Pressure Loss Compensator and a full range of venturis available with a variety of inlet and outlet sizes. Model 60559 4-inch Pressure Loss Compensator is uniquely designed with features not available in other compensators or venturis. Simplicity of operation, low pressure loss, available compensation and compact design make the Model 60559 Pressure Loss Compensator idealty suited for all refueling vehicle applications.

Eaton's Carter line of traditional venturis includes Models 64086 3-inch, 64085 4-inch, 64088 4x3-inch and Model 64193 6—inch line sizes. All venturis are available with either victaulic or TTMA flanged inlet and outlet mountings and optional pitot tube.

Features

Model 60559 Pressure Compensator

  • Compact for easy installation between standard flanges — less than two inches of exposed length. Shorter overall installed length.
  • High pressure compensation
  • Extremely low line pressure loss from compensator inlet to outlet
  • Only one needle valve for easy adjustment
  • Adjustment screw is protected by screw-on cap with lock wire capability
  • Mates either ANSI or TTMA flanges for ease of installation

Models 64085 and 64085 Venturis

  • Victaulic inlet and outlet
  • 3-inch and 4-inch line sizes available
  • Low pressure loss across units
  • High pressure compensation
  • One adjustment needle valve standard, two available

Inline Pressure Control Valves Model 64500, 64510

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes a variety of inline and bypass control valves. Models 64500 and 64510 are the latest innovation in 3 and 4-inch inline air reference pressure operated control valves. They replace earlier Model 64080 3-inch and Model 64124 4-inch inline pressure control valves.

These valves utilize a direct-operating design concept with a control module added to the basic valve. This control module is mounted to the main valve body with one bolt. The new control module gives the unit finer control and eliminates exterior tubing from the valve.

The same control module is used on both the 3 and 4-inch valves. Most of the seals in the main body of the 3 and 4-inch valves are the same, thus minimizing the spares required for any type of maintenance. The control module incorporates a unique bleeder that requires no tools to facilitate bleeding, and it has a vent to prevent fuel from entering the air system.

Features

  • Standard 150 lb ANSI inlet and outlet flanges
  • Victaulic adapters available
  • Bleeder on module block facilitates simple bleeding of air from the valve — no venting is required once proper bleeding is accomplished
  • No expensive servos to adjust
  • Spare parts required for maintenance kept to a minimum due to lack of complicated servos. Many parts are common to bypass valves of same size
  • Many spares common to Eaton's hydrant couplers

Bypass Pressure Control Valves Model 64501, 64511

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes a variety of inline and bypass control vatves. Models 64501 and 64511 are the latest innovation in 3 and 4-inch bypass air reference pressure-operated control valves. They replace earlier Model 64082 3-inch and Model 64002 4-inch bypass pressure control valves.

These valves utilize the direct operating design concept with a control module added to the basic valve. This control valve is mounted to the main valve body with one bolt. The new control module gives the unit finer control and eliminates exterior tubing from the valve. The control module picks up a signal from a venturi and send a signal to the main body, positioning the piston to obtain the desired fueling pressure.

Fueling pressure will be approximately 30 psi (2.068 bar) lower than the regulated air pressure being sent to the control module. The operation of the bypass valve is similar to an inline valve. However, a conventional bypass valve functions as a normally open valve.

The same control module is used on both the 3 and 4-inch air-operated bypass control valves. The bypass verve is usually used as a source of primary pressure control in most systems.

Most of the seals in the main body of the 3 and 4-inch valves are the same, thus minimizing the spares required for any type of maintenance. The control module incorporates a unique bleeder that requires no tools to facilitate bleeding. The control module has a vent to prevent fuel from entering the air system.

Features

  • Standard 150 lb ANSI inlet and outlet flanges
  • Victaulic adapters available
  • Bleeding and pressure control adjustment simple
  • No expensive servos to adjust

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Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Hydrant Pit Valves

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Hydrant Pit Valve Model 60554

Description

Eaton's Carter Model 60554 Hydrant Pit Valve is a family of valves that includes lanyard, air or dual air/lanyard operated pilot valves, with the latter available with a defueling option.

The latest Model 60554 Hydrant Pit Valves meet all the requirements of the 3rd edition of APl/IP Bulletin 1584, including the new breakaway and strength requirements.

The basic hydrant pit valve consists of three basic parts, lower valve assembly, upper valve assembly (or API outlet adapter) and either the standard pilot valve or one of three patented pilot valve actuators (Model 64230, Model 64231 and Model 64280), available as Option X. The lower valve assembly contains an isolation valve which will allow the removal and servicing of the upper valve assembly and the pilot valve assembly while the pit valve is still installed. The upper portion of all versions of Model 60554 are now furnished with a replaceable part that contains the interface with the hydrant coupler. This minimizes replacement parts expense and allows for easy replacement of the outlet wearing surfaces.

An option is also available to bring the valve into compliance with IP standards by adding the appropriate 6-inch inlet flange adapter. The outlet conforms to the API Bulletin 1584 standard.

Model 60554 Hydrant Pit Valve is designed to minimize the propagation of surge pressure shocks into the upstream piping system during closure of the valve.

Features

  • Standard aluminum two-piece upper half standard, replaceable API outlet adapter of stainless steel per API Bulletin 1584. Ductile iron and stainless uppers with replaceable outlet optional.
  • Standard inlet flange mates with 4-inch 150 lb ANSI flange
  • Optional inlet flange mates with 6-inch 300 lb ANSI flange, making valve conform to the IP standard
  • Closing time is 2-5 seconds
  • New pilotless valve (Option X) reduces maintenance costs, lanyard, air or dual air/lanyard operated pilot valve available (for small or large pit applications)
  • Servicing valve, standard, provides means to remove the upper valve assembly and pilot valve assembly with the unit still installed
  • Dual pilot adds true deadman backup to coupler, same as air-operated pilot. Hydrant valve is automatically closed at the end of the refueling operation. Lanyard operation can also be used with Option X valves.
  • All seals are field replaceable
  • Large pressure equalizing valve in the outlet is standard
  • Defueling capability optional with any air or dual air/lanyard operated pilot
  • Stone guard optional with 6-inch inlet flange option
  • Ductile iron epoxy coated for corrosion protection
  • Main piston well-guided to minimize piston seal wear
  • 10- or 20-mesh screen options available

Hydrant Pit Valve - 2.1/2 Inch Model 61524

Description

Eatons Carter product line includes several hydrant pit valve models. Model 61524 2 /12-inch Hydrant Valve is designed to provide deadman control of the refueling operation within the hydrant pit. Both air and lanyard operation is available. This model is available with either 6 or 4-inch inlet flanges and both terminate with the 2 1/2—inch international standard three—lug aircraft bayonet adapter. Now also available with an adapter kit to install the unit in older 12 and 13-inch diameter pits with 3-inch mounting flanges. Model 61524 utilizes many of the same parts as are used in Eatons other hydrant valve models. The basic valve assembly consists of three parts, lower valve assembly, upper valve assembly and the pilot valve. The lower valve assembly contains a small isolation valve which will allow removal and servicing of the upper valve assembly and the pilot valve while the pit valve is under pressure.

Model 61524 is designed to minimize the propagation of surge pressure shocks into the upstream piping system during closure of the valve.

Features

  • Closing time: 2-5 sec
    Opening time: 5-10 sec
  • Either lanyard or air operated pilot valve available
  • Standard inlet flange mates with 4winch 150 lb ANSI flange standard (optional 6-inch 300 lb inlet available)
  • Large pressure equalizing valve in the outlet is standard
  • Defueling capability optional with air operated pilot valve
  • Main piston weIl—guided to minimize piston seal wear
  • Ductile iron is epoxy coated for corrosion protection
  • Minimum of bonded seals utilized to reduce maintenance costs

Hydrant Pit Valve - API 1584 Model 61654

Description

Eaton's Carter Model 61654 Hydrant Pit Valve is a family of valves that includes lanyard, air or dual air/lanyard operated pilot valves, with the latter available with a defueling option.

The latest Model 61654 Hydrant Pit Valves meet all requirements of API/IP Bulletin 1584, 3rd Edition, including the new breakaway and strength requirements.

The basic hydrant pit valve consists of three basic parts, lower valve assembly, upper valve assembly (or API outlet adapter) and either the standard pilot valve or one of three patented pilot valve actuators (Model 64230, Model 64231 and Model 64280), available as Option X. The lower valve assembly contains an isolation valve which will allow the removal and servicing of the upper valve assembly and the pilot valve assembly while the pit valve is still installed. The upper portion of all versions of Model 61654 are now furnished with a replaceable part that contains the interface with the hydrant coupler. This minimizes replacement parts expense and allows easy replacement of the outlet wearing surfaces.

Model 61654 Hydrant Pit Valves are essentially identical to Model 60554 valves except for the inlet flange, which is designed to mate with a 6-inch ANSI 150 lb flange rather than a 4-inch flange.

Model 61654 Hydrant Pit Valve is designed to minimize the propagation of surge pressure shocks into the upstream piping system during closure of the valve.

Features

  • Standard inlet flange mates with 4-inch 150 lb ANSI flange and outlet adapter in per API Bulletin 1584
  • Two—piece upper half standard, replaceable API connection of stainless steel
  • Closing time is 2-5 seconds
  • New pilotless valve reduces maintenance costs, lanyard, air or dual air/lanyard operated pilot valve available (for small or large pit applications)
  • Servicing valve is standard to provide means to remove the upper valve assembly and pilot valve assembly with the unit still installed
  • Six position product selection optional
  • 10- or 20-mesh screen options available
  • All seals are field replaceable
  • Large pressure equalizing valve in the outlet is standard
  • Defueling capability optional with any air or dual air/lanyard operated pilot
  • Ductile iron epoxy coated for corrosion protection
  • Main piston well guided to minimize piston seal wear
  • Dual pilot adds true deadman backup to coupler, same as air operated pilot. Hydrant valve is automatically closed at the end of the refueling operation. Lanyard operation can also be used with Option X valves.

Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Tank Bottom Loading Valves, Vent Valves

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Bottom Loading Components - 3-Inch Model 64079, 64129

Description

Eaton's Carter Model 64129 34nch Bottom Loading Valve and accompanying Model 64079 Level Sensor are designed for use in refuelers without available air pressure to provide off-loading capability. Bottom loading control is accomplished automatcally when the tank liquid level readies the preset level sensor. If desired, the level sensor can be replaced with a solenoid valve and an optic probe to effect shutoff control. A cable mechanically connected to the off-loading lever on the Model 64129 handles off-loading control.

Unlike competitors' comparable models, which Eaton's valve can directly replace, Model 64129A can perform properly with any type of refueling pump, positive displacement or centrifugal, without inadvertently opening. Inlet pressures during loading are also not restricted, making it possible to load at all flow rates available.

Features

  • Valve uses lever actuation for off-loading — 90 lbs minimum
  • Inlet mates victaulic coupling (standard), 3-inch TTMA pipe flange available on special order
  • Unit will not open with suction applied to outlet, can be used with positive displacement pumping systems
  • Valve main seal will not be dislodged with flow rates to 1,100 gpm (4163 l/min) or pressures over 75 psi (5.171 bar)
  • Pilot valve is identical on all Eaton bottom loading components for lower maintenance costs
  • No through-hole in the diaphragm in the pilot to cause leakage and ultimate failure
  • Internal valve mates standard TTMA sump flange and is provided with lever actuated off-loading control
  • Low pressure loss:
    Bottom loading — 11 psi (.758 bar) at 300 gpm (1135 l/min)
    Off-Ioading — 1.8 psi (.124 bar) at 300 gpm (1135 l/min)

Bottom Loading Components - 4-Inch Model 64055, 64143

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes four-inch Bottom Loading Valves and accompanying Level Sensor, designed for use in refuelers where bottom loading/offloading rates of up to 800 gpm (3028 l/min) are desired. There are two internal valve models. Model 64055 is for use in loading and off-loading, Model 64143 is strictly used for loading. Off-loading requires the use of air pressure to open the internal valve. Both are used with Model 64079 Level Sensor or, as an alternative, they can be used with an optic probe control. Bottom loading control is accomplished automatically when the tank liquid level reaches the pre-set level sensor. Both of the available internal valves can be purchased to use with either a single or dual level sensor as explained below.

Features

  • Pilot valve is identical on all Eaton bottom loading components, resulting in lower maintenance costs. There is no through-hole in the diaphragm in the pilot to cause leakage and ultimate failure.
  • Either single level or dual level control available. Dual level control, when used with Model 640798 Level Sensor, provides better shutoff level accuracy and lower surge pressures resulting from dosing at very high rates of flow.
  • 50 psi (3.447 bar) min. air pressure and standard air controlling valves (not furnished by Eaton) required for offloading. No offloading control provided on Model 64143.
  • Internal valve mates standard TTMA sump flange
  • Can be used with optic sensing system
  • Low pressure loss:
    Bottom loading — 4.5 psi (.310 bar) at 600 gpm (2271 l/min)
    Off-loading — 1.5 psi (.103 bar) at 600 gpm (2271 l/min)

Bottom Loading Components - 6-Inch Model 64118

Description

Eaton's Carter 6-inch Bottom Loading Valves and accompanying Level Sensor are designed for use in refuelers where bottom loading/off-loading rates over 600 gpm (2271 l/min) are desired. There are two internal valves available. Model 64128 is used for both loading and offloading. Model 64118 is used for loading only. Oflloading requires the use of air pressure to open the internal valve. Both valves are used with Eaton's Carter Model 64079 Level Sensor or as an alternative, they can be used with an optic probe control. Bottom loading control is accomplished automatically when the tank liquid level reaches the pre-set level sensor. Both of the available internal valves can be purchased for use with either a single or dual level sensor, as explained below.

There are no moving parts or seals in Eaton's Level Sensor which, when used with Eaton's Bottom Loading Valves, will provide high-level bottom loading control. There are no wearing parts in the unit, hence it lasts indefinitely. Truck vibration will have no affect on the sensor, unlike float valves, which are subject to vibration damage. It is available with an optional mounting stud for adjustable level control. The stud is located outside of the collector/drain can for better level control. A collector/drain can and precheck feature are provided as standard equipment.

Features

  • Air connection on Model 64128 is made outside of the tank within the mounting flange of the unit. There is no need to breech the tank wall for this connection nor install a separate line to the unit. All air pressure is contained within the valve.
  • Pilot valve is identical on all Eaton's Bottom Loading Valves, resulting in lower maintenance costs
  • There is no through—hole in the diaphragm in the pilot to cause leakage and ultimate failure
  • Either single level or dual level control available. Dual level control, when used with Model 640798 Level Sensor, provides better shut-off level accuracy and lower surge pressures resulting from dosing at very high rates of flow.
  • 50 psi (3.447 bar) minimum air pressure and standard air controlling valves (not furnished by Eaton) required for off-loading with Model 64128. No off-ioading control provided on Model 64118.
  • Internal valve mates standard TTMA sump flange. A flange type is also available to mate the non-standard Whittaker tank flange.
  • Low pressure loss. Can load to 1.200 gpm (4542 l/min).
  • Can be used with optic high level sensing system

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Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Aviation Adapters, Aviation Ground Units, API Adapters


Bottom Loading Adapters Model 6958, 60195, 60373, 61272, 61409, 61527, 61528, 61529, 61531, 64040, 64373

Description

Eaton's Carter 2 1/2-inch aircraft standard bayonet refueling adapters mate underwing nozzles or 2 1/2-inch hydrant couplers, with several choices of flanged or threaded inlets. The bayonet adapter is also available as a standalone module, without a housing. These adapters are designed to be used for bottom loading of a refueler, for connection to a hydrant system or tank farm pumping system for test adapters, or for use in a recirculation test system on refuelers. Choose the correct adapter for the application.

There are two basic methods of manufacturing the standard aircraft bayonet adapter module:

  • The older M829514 style aircraft adapter flange utilizes a nine hole mounting pad, built in separate pieces instead of a self contained module. It is taller (between the mounting flange and the bayonet lugs) and is therefore stronger. This type of flange is suitable for product selection and, being stronger, is suited for hydrant applications.
  • The newer M824484 style aircraft adapter is a self-contained module that uses a six bolt mounting pad for countersunk screws. As a consequence, the mating connection is not as strong as the M829514 type. The construction and the height between the mounting flange and the bayonet lugs is shorter. Product selection is not feasible for use on this type of flange. The lower joint strength also makes it non—suitable for hydrant applications. It is quite suitable for bottom loading and recirculation applications.
  • The M824484 type adapter module is available as either the military QPL (Qualified Products List) as M824484-5 or the older MS24484-2. The M824484-5 is qualified to be used at higher and lower temperatures and has a higher strength bayonet flange. The MS24484-2 is suitable for most commercial applications. The MS24484-5 is oniy available from those companies listed on the QPL. Although Model 61529 is made in accordance with MS24484-2 requirements, it is not sold as an airworthy unit and should not be utilized on an aircraft application.

Eaton offers a choice of outlet flanges made to mate ANSI 150 flanges or TTMA flanges for the three and four inch styles. The 2 1/2-inch outlet styles are available only in threaded connections, either NPT or BSPP. The ANSI type flanged units are more suited for hydrant applications (along with the MS29514) while the TTMA units are suited for bottom loading or recirculation systems. The 2 1/2-inch units are (by choosing the correct unit) usable in either application.

A choice of either a plastic dust cap or a metal military style sealing cap is also offered as an option on all adapters except Model 61529 aircraft adapter. The metal sealing cap is available as Model 61531. This cap, although made in accordance with MS29526-2, is not a QPL item and is not qualified for use on an aircraft.

Features

  • Available with 3-inch and 4-inch 150 lb. ANSI or TTMA inlet flanges or 2 1/2-inch NPT or BSPP threaded inlets
  • Military QPL MS24484-5 adapter available as an option
  • Units for use with product selection available
  • Plastic or military metal sealing caps available
  • Convenient bosses to mount pressure gauges or sampling ports standard on many models
  • Low cost MS24484-2 modular unit available
  • Pressure equalization valve offered in poppet for hydrant applications

Adapter - 4-Inch API Style Model 60505, 61526

Description

Eaton's Carter 4 inch adapters are made in accordance with API Bulletin 1584 to mate API 1584 compliant hydrant or bottom loading couplers. These adapters are furnished with flanges to mate 4 inch ANSI 150 lb. flat or raised faced flanges. Both ductile iron and aluminum materials are available. These adapters are designed to be used for bottom loading of a refueler, for connection to a hydrant system or for tank farm pumping system for test adapters.

Product selectivity is available as an optional feature.

Features

  • Flanges to mate 4 inch ANSI 150 lb. flanges, either raised face (Model 61526) or flat faced (Model 60505)
  • Connection in accordance with API Bulletin 1584
  • Optional product selectivity feature available
  • Suitable for either hydrant or bottom loading applications
  • Plastic dust cap available
  • Ductile iron (Model 60505) or aluminum (Model 61526) bodies available
  • Ductile iron model is epoxy coated for corrosion protection

Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Unisex Couplings


Unisex Coupling - A-A-59377 Model 64031

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes Model 64031 3-inch Valved Unisex Coupling, designed in accordance with A-A-59377 (supersedes MIL-C-53071). Unisex couplings, as the name implies, are designed to mate with each other, allowing for the connection of hose assemblies regardless of the and fitting.

Features

  • Unisex connection allows indiscriminate mating
  • Manual ball valve included
  • Interlock feature prevents disconnection of unit with ball valve open
  • Pressure tight dust cap included on all units
  • Dust seal incorporated between connected units — protects mating surfaces
  • Units are easily repairable
  • Variety of inlet fittings options to suit system needs
  • Tan color standard, green optional

Unisex Coupling - 2-Inch Non-Valued Model 64319

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes unisex couplings designed in accordance with A-A-59377 (supersedes MIL-053071) and completely interchangeable with similar 2-inch couplings made by Eaton's Aeroquip product line. Unisex couplings, as the name implies, are designed to mate with each other, allowing for the connection of hose assemblies regardless of the end fining. The basic Model 64319 Non-Valved Unisex Coupling has various accessories and inlet options, as described under "Ordering Data".

Features

  • Unisex connection allows indisciminate mating
  • Interlock feature prevents disconnection of unit
  • Pressure tight dust cap included on all units
  • Dust seal incorporated between connected units - protects mating surfaces
  • Units are easily repairable
  • Variety of inlet fittings options to suit system needs
  • Tan color standard, green optional

Unisex Coupling - 2-Inch Valved Model 64320

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes unisex couplings designed in accordance with A-A-59377 (supersedes MIL-C-53071) and completely interchangeable with similar 2-inch couplings made by Eaton's Aeroquip® product line. Unisex couplings, as the name implies, are designed to mate with each other allowing for the connection of hose assemblies, regardless of the and fitting. The basic Model 64320 Valved Unisex Coupling has various accessories and inlet options, as described under "Ordering Data".

Features

  • Unisex connection allows indiscriminate mating
  • Manual ball valve included
  • Interlock feature prevents disconnection of unit with ball valve open
  • Pressure tight dust cap included on all units
  • Dust seal incorporated between connected units — protects mating surfaces
  • Units are easily repairable
  • Variety of inlet fittings options to suit system needs
  • Tan color standard, green optional

Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: CCR Nozzles, HIFR Nozzles


Close Circuit Refuelling (CCR) Nozzle Model 64017

Description

Eaton's Carter Model 64017 Closed Circuit Refueling (CCR) nozzles are designed to connect to vehicles, helicopters and ground units that have receptacles in accordance with US. Army drawing C13219E0479 or equivalent. The nozzles provide "tight fill" capability and limits system pressure. Positive interlock is provided. Both standard and arctic temperature versions are available.

Features

  • Standard and arctic nozzles meet latest US. Army MIL-PRF-52747F requirements (supersedes MIL—N-53094 for arctic nozzle)
  • Meets human engineering standards
  • Positive interlock system — nozzle will not open unless connected and closes automatically when disconnected
  • Lightweight and rugged construction
  • Limits pressure to vehicle adapter to 15 psi (1.034 bar) regardless of inlet pressure
  • Standard and arctic versions available
  • Standard meets tan color requirements, option to meet green color requirement. (Arctic version is green in accordance with specification).
  • Standard Model 64017 meets Type I, Class A requirements, with 100-mesh strainer and 2-inch female camlock inlet
  • Optional, Type I, Class B nozzle, comes with 100-mesh strainer, non-valved unisex coupling and dust cap (standard nozzle only)

Helicopter In-Flight Refuelling Nozzle (HIFR) Model 64048

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes a number of aircraft pressure fueling nozzles. Model 64048 Pressure Fueling Nozzle is used for Helicopter ln-Flight Refueling (HIFR) operations from US naval vessels. These nozzles are identical in appearance to US Army Closed Circuit Refueling (CCR) nozzles but regulate pressure at 45 psig (3.102 bar) instead of 15 psig (1.034 bar) for the Army nozzles. This difference in pressure regulating settings is because U.S. naval aircraft are designed to allow fueling at pressures up to 55 psig, while U.S. Army aircraft are designed to allow fueling at either 15 psig (1.034 bar) or 55 psig (3.792), depending on the model. These nozzles are designed to connect to helicopters and perform hot refueling operations while hovering above ships. The nozle is designed to connect to helicopters that have receptacles in accordance with U.S. Army drawing C13219E0479 or equivalent. The nozzles provide "tight fill" capability and limits system pressure. Positive interlock is provided.

Features

  • Standard nozzles meet latest US Navy requirements in accordance with the Aircraft Refuleing NATAOPS Manual, NAVAIR 00-80T—109 and Helicopter Procedures for Air Capable Ships, NAVAIR 00—80T—122
  • Meets human engineering standards
  • Positive interlock system — nozzle will not open unless connected and closes automatically when disconnected
  • Lightweight and rugged construction
  • Limits pressure to helicopter adapter to 45 psi (3.102 bar) regardless of inlet pressure
  • Standard meets tan color requirements
  • Standard Model 64048 meets Type I, Class A requirements, with 100-mesh strainer and 2-inch female camlock inlet
  • Optional, Type I, Class B nozzle, comes with 100-mesh strainer, non-valved unisex coupling and dust cap (standard nozzle only)

Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: Breakaway Couplings


Emergency Breakaway Couplings - 7-Inch Model 64191

Description

Eaton's Carter Emergency Breakaway Fuel Coupling was developed in conjunction with the Canadian Navy during their search to eliminate fuel spillage at sea. This coupling meets or exceeds all the requirements of the new NATO replenishment at sea coupling specification and is the proposed replacement for the existing NATO "A/B" breakable spool. The Eaton emergency breakaway fuel coupling is designed to be used with abeam, astern "lay on deck" and with Hudson Reel standard 6- or 7-inch hose. When a pulling force of approximately 1100 lbs (5 kN) is applied, the probe will automatically disconnect and dry break on both sides with less than 100cc of fuel spillage. However, the probe, which weighs less than 78 lbs (35.38 kg), is easily connected or disconnected by one person without the need for special tools.

Features

  • Replacement for a/b breakaway spool
  • Provides dry breakaway under load
  • Breakaway force of 1137 lb (5.1 kN)
  • Can be reconnected without tools or re-setting procedure
  • Dry break feature. Both halves seal automatically with maximum fuel spillage < 100cc.
  • Easily disconnected (manually) with internal vacuum present
  • Constructed of anodized aluminum and stainless steel and is compatible with jet fuel, av gas and diesel fuels and marine environment
  • Seals compatible with all NATO fuels
  • Use with 6- or 7-inch hose
  • Pressure drop — 8.2 psid at 2,500 US gpm (0.56 bar at 567.8 cum/hr)
  • Weight, fueling probe (with environment cap) — 78 lbs (35.3 kg) max
  • Temperature range: Passed test to -4°F (-20°C). Designed temperature range -40°F to + 165°F (40°C to + 75°C)
  • Maximum working flow — tested to 2,500 US gpm (567.8 cum/hr)
  • Maximum working pressme — 150 psig
  • Test pressure — 300 psig
  • Maximum velocity — 20.8 ft/sec (6.3 m/sec)
  • Astern cone available

Emergency Breakaway Couplings Model 64024, 64121, 64191, 64226, 64227

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes Emergency Breakaway Couplings (EBC's), available for use with 2, 2 1/2, 3 and 6 to 7-inch hose sizes.

Model 64024

Model 64024 is a 2-inch Unisex Breakaway Coupling designed to provide emergency breakaway with a side load of 200 pounds (90 kg) or more pulling force on the hose attached to the coupling. It can be interchangeably mated with unisex couplings made by Eaton's Aeroquip product line. Made in accordance with MIL-R-53076.

Model 64121

Model 64121 is the smallest of the new line of emergency breakaway couplings and can be used in 1 or 2-inch systems. These couplings will separate with a force of 225-250 pounds (102-113 kg) or more applied in an angular direction up to 45° from the axis of the coupling. The separation is a clean and dry breek, keeping spillage to a minimum.

Inlet and outlets are available with 2-inch female NPT threads standard. BSPP threads are available as Option A. Many combinations of threads and flanges (including ANSI or special flanges) on inlet and outlet ends are available on special orders.

Features

  • Couplings are repairable — one set of spare shear pins is carried onboard each unit
  • Seals suitable for aviation jet fuels
  • Stainless steel and aluminum construction
  • Very low pressure drop through the units

Model 64226

Model 64226 is the larger version of the side-pull/angular emergency breakaway coupling and can be used in 2 1/2 or 3-inch systems. These couplings will separate with a force of 250 pounds (113 kg) or more applied in an angular direction up to 45° from the axis of the coupling. The separation is a clean and dry break, keeping spillage to a minimum.

Inlets and outlets are available with male or female 2 1/2-inch NPT threads standard. Many combinations of threads and flanges (including ANSI or special flanges) on inlet and outlet ends are available on special orders.

Features

  • Model 64226 offers the same features as the smaller Model 64121.

Model 64227

Model 54227 is a 3-inch coupling with inlet and outlets available in 3-inch male or female NPT threads, standard. Many combinations of threads and flanges (including ANSI or special flanges) on inlet and outlet ends are available on special orders.

Features

  • Unit separates with double dry break
  • Can be reconnected without the use of tools or replacement parts
  • Low pressure drop through the unit
  • Stainless steel and aluminum construction
  • Seals to suite the product used

Model 64191

Eaton's Carter Model 64191 Emergency Breakaway Fueling Coupling was developed in conjunction with the Canadian Navy as part of their search to eliminate fuel spillage at sea. The new coupling meets or exceeds all of the requirements of the new NATO replenishment at sea coupling specification and is the replacement for the existing NATO "B" breakable spool. Model 64191 is designed to be used with abeam, astern "lay on deck" and with Hudson Reel standard 6 or 7-inch hose. When a pulling force of approximately 1100 pounds (5 kN) is applied, the coupling will automatically disconnect and dry break on both sides, with less than 100cc of fuel spillage. The coupling, which weighs less than 80 pounds (36 kg), is easily connected or disconnected by one person without the need for special tools.

The coupling assembly consists of two components — a probe (64191-1) and receiver (64191-2), which are ordered separately.


Eaton's Carter Ground Fueling Equipment: General & Tools


Gravity Filling Adapter Model 64014, 64033

Description

Eaton's Carter product line includes two versions of the Gravity Filling Adapter (GFA) for use with Closed Circuit Refueling nozzles (CCRs). Model 64014 (per MIL-N-52748) is for standard temperature applications. Model 64033 (per MIL-N-53093), is for arctic temperature use. The two units vary only in color (tan—standard, green—arctic) and the presence of a special, over-the-top, "arctic glove" capable operating handle on Model 64033.


Digital II Pressure Control System Model 64235

Description

Eaton's Carter product line of ground refueling equipment includes the Digital II Pressure Control System, which employs a patented* method of monitoring fluid pressure and controlling pressure at the aircraft. It combines two welloknown technologies, as did Carter's first generation (Digital I) pressure control system. The combination of hydro-mechanical valving and a microprocessor eliminates the need for air-reference pressure, servo controls or springs to control pressure. Fuel cannot leak into the air system such as occurs in some air operated systems.

Adjustments for pressure control, rate of flow control, opening and closing times are made on a handheld unit that is plugged into an R8232 port on the bottom of the control module. Once the calibrations and adjustments have been made, the hand-held unit can be unplugged and stored by the maintenance manager. Only one hand-held unit is required as a setup unit, regardless of the number of systems being used by an operating group. (Two hand-held units are required if two Digital II systems are used on any one vehicle). Once the hand-held unit is removed, the operator cannot make any further d1anges. There are no buttons or key locks on the control module, unlike the first generation Digital Pressure Control System design.

Extensive cost savings can be achieved on fuel vehicles using this system. For example, it does not require items such as air compressors, air tanks, dryers, air regulators and gauges. Hundreds of fittings, as well as exhaust valves, Synflex tubing, steel tubing and venturis are also eliminated. Because there are fewer components, labor costs for installation are also significantly reduced.

Higher flow rates can be achieved due to lower system pressure drop. Test time can also be reduced and flow meter checks can be verified quickly during any fueling operation. When the system is used on a hydrant servicer only, one fuel control line has to be run to the pressure control coupler, whereas both fuel and air lines are required on an air-operated system.

Indicator lights on the control module denote which nozzles are being used and the units of measure for the pressure settings and the rate of flow.

Remote displays can be procured to provide readouts for various locations on the vehicle. Both LCD and LED units are available depending upon your need. A master switchable remote can be used to provide individual readouts for primary and secondary systems when two control modules are used.

Features

  • No venturi(s) required
  • No air reference pressure required
  • No fuel-to-air leakage
  • Maximum rate of flow control standard. No rate of flow valve required.
  • Displays nozzle pressure and flow simultaneously
  • Indicator lights show which nozzles are being used
  • Choice of LCD or LED remote displays available
  • A switchable remote available on dual systems to show primary and secondary system information — also blocks out primary when secondary information is shown
  • Three types of pressure and flow readouts on the module (e.g. psi, kpa, bar)
  • Adjustable timer deadman — standard
  • Deadman warning light on top of control box
  • Error message readout to assist with trouble shooting
  • Field replaceable PC boards
  • System can be used with inline or bypass valves and pressure control couplers
  • Cast aluminum box and cover with backlighted Lexan panel
  • All calibrations done on a removable hand—held unit. No adjustments on main box.
  • Six hose combinations can be individually calibrated
  • Can receive inputs from two meters simultaneously
  • System is programmable through an RS232 port

Special Tools

Description

Some of Eaton's Carter line of ground fueling products require special tools to maintain and overhaul them. In some instances, the use of special tools will simply make the job faster and easier.

60554ST1 Hydrant Outlet Wear Gauge

This gauge is now available to check for wear on the interface of Eaton hydrant pit valves made in accordance with API Bulletin1584, 3rd Edition.

61607 BallTool for Models 64348/64349/61428 & 61429 Refueling Nozzles

The ball removal and installation tool is utilized to collect and automatically count the balls used in the swivel joints of the nozzle. It is simple to use and assures that the proper installation is achieved. It is suggested that a separate tool be used for each swivel joint. A minimum of two are required for the simplest of nozzle configurations (one for the collar swivel and one for the hose swivel). Three are required for a nozzle having a hose end control valve (HECV) or a ball valve.

61362 Hydrant Coupler Lower Half Wear Gauge

This gauge is used to determine if any one of several parts used in the lower half of hydrant coupler models 61525, 60600, 60600-1, 60700-1, 64800, 64802, 64804, 64900 or 64902, designed in accordance with API Bulletin1584, are worn beyond useful life. It should be used at each overhaul to determine the useful life of the lugs, body or collar used in these couplers. A new addition to the gauge provides definitive information on the condition of the lugs.

TF64191-2 Compression Spring Tool

The compression spring tool is used to safely relieve pressure from and allow removal and reinstallation of the large breakaway spring in the probe half of Model 64191 7-inch Emergency Breakaway Coupling.

61656 Blackout Device

The Blockout Device is recommended for use when defueling through a hose end control valve (HECV), or when it is necessary to check the secondary pressure control device in a system. The blackout device does not introduce fuel into the ambient port of the HECV which can later become a dangerous spray during operation. It can be used on most Eaton hose end control valves.

61657-2 Aircraft Adapter Wear Gauge

Aircraft adapters can wear to the point where they are unsafe to refuel. Pan number 61657-2 Aircraft Adapter Wear Gauge can be used to determine this unsafe condition. The gauge checks three wear points on each adapter, the width and thickness of the three lugs and the width of the three slots found on the adapter. It can be used on bottom loading and stowage adapters, as well. An inadvertent disconnect from either can be just as dangerous as one that might occur when refueling an aircraft.

64000 Poppet Adjustment Gauge

This simple inexpensive gauge provides an accurate method of achieving the proper adjustment of the poppet of Model 64348 Refueling Nozzle. The gauge can be used on all Eaton underwing nozzles except Models 64200 and 64250. Use gauge 64250ST-1 for these later style nozzles.

IF220351 Quick Disconnect (QD) Wear Gauge

The ball locking sleeve on the standard QD and the dry break disconnects will wear with age. Wear of the sleeve can cause the disconnect to accidentally separate, resulting in a possible spill. Part number IF220351 Inspection Gauge is designed to determine the safe limits of the sleeve wear. It can be used for either the standard QD on Model 60427 Refueling Nozzle. Model 60672-1 Dry Break Quick Disconnect or the newer Model 61154 Dry Break Quick Disconnect.


Filter Accessories


Armstrong Automatic Air Vent Valve

Description

The Armstrong 11AV automatic air vent valve has been designed to combine the durability and corrosion resistance of Stainless Steel with a reliable, proven operating mechanism to produce a highly reliable vent valve in the medium capacity air venting range.

The design of the 11AV is very simple. It employs a float which actuates a guided free floating valve. There are no pivots to wear or create friction that could interfere with the correct operation of the vent valve, and the lever guide ensures positive closure under all conditions.

As a result of many years of reliable service the Armstrong 11AV has become an industry standard where medium capacity automatic air venting from fluid is required. We hold the 11AV in stock with a choice of orifice sizes and working pressures, with particular emphasis on supplying the unit to vent air from filter vessels.

However, because the device is of such a universal design it can be used for a wide variety of automatic venting requirements, some of which are shown overleaf.


Deadman/Filter Differential Pressure Protection System

Background

There are a number of Deadman systems, and also some dedicated filter Differential Pressure (DP) protection systems available. However, the DP protection systems which have been developed both monitor and correct the DP. This system is a combined system, so it can either be used as a Deadman system, or a simple DP protection system, or a combined Deadman and DP protection system.

The need for automatic DP correction is the subject of much debate, but it is universally accepted that the operator cannot consistently monitor the filter DP during a refuelling operation. In the event of a water slug passing into the filter monitor elements they will block very quickly causing a rapid rise in the filter DP with little or no warning. When this occurs it is very unlikely that the operator will be close enough to the DP Gauge to take action and shut the system down quickly. Also, after a rise in filter DP the operator can "cheat" the system and reduce the DP by reducing the system flow rate. This is a very dangerous situation because although the filter DP can be reduced in this manner, the elements themselves will still remain blocked and the risk of element rupture will remain.

Although filter DP Switches are available, until now little consideration has been given to using the output from the DP Switch in the optimal manner. Also, new vehicles can be fitted with a system relatively easily, but retro fit to existing vehicles on site is not so easy, and if this task is carried out with insufficient consideration it is possible that the final system may not be satisfactory. It is also likely that there will be no standard operating mode if there is a mix of converted and new vehicles at a location, and this will lead to confusion among the operators.


Differential Pressure Gauge

Introduction

Differential pressure gauges are installed on filter vessels to display the differential pressure across the filter elements. This information is used to determine when the elements are blocked and require changing, but if readings are taken regularly and displayed graphically a trend can be observed and any deviations can then be investigated fully.

General Descrigtion

This direct reading gauge uses the simplest method of measurement available. The piston is contained in a close fitting glass tube with a spring beneath it. High pressure from the filter inlet is fed to the top of the tube and low pressure from the filter outlet is fed to the bottom of the tube. The differential pressure is read directly from the position of the top of the piston against the scale.

Because of its' simple design the calibration of this gauge is not affected by pressure surges, unlike a "Bourdon Tube" gauge. It can easily be checked for free movement and zero error by fitting a simple 3 port valve to the low pressure side of the gauge, which is piped back to a reservoir such as the vehicle tank. The gauge has a 10 micron filter which ensures that dirt from the high pressure connection will not enter the cylinder, and an ultraviolet light shield to prevent lead oxide deposits forming when used with aviation gasoline (Avgas).

The Gammon gauge has therefore become a standard within the aviation refuelling industry where the flow rates and resultant surge pressures demand the highest equipment standards. However, the design has been improved even further with the introduction of a variant which incorporates an integral push button free movement test/thermal relief valve, as shown above. This prevents the build up of potentially damaging thermal pressures, and allows the gauge to meet the free movement test requirements of API1581.


Closed Circuit Sampling & Product Recovery

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20 Litre Closed Circuit Sampler

Description

Since it's introduction in 1982 the 4 Litre Closed Circuit Sampler has displaced the traditional open bucket or glass jar method of carrying out the "clear and bright" quality check on aviation fuel. However, although a 4 Litre sample is ideal for refuelling vehicles where single point samples are taken via short small bore sample lines, a larger sample volume is needed where the pipework volume would be flushed into a bucket prior to the glass jar sample, or where composite samples are required. The sampling of multi compartment road tankers or rail tank cars, or medium capacity storage tanks are typical examples, so we developed our 20 Litre Closed Circuit Sampler (CCS) which retains all of the novel features of the 4 Litre unit.

The 20 Litre CCS consists of a clear glass tube fitted to a white epoxy coated conical base to assist in the detection of dirt and water, and with a hinged vented cover. The base incorporates a tangential inlet port, and a close coupled Stainless Steel drain valve. For our 20 Litre CCS we recommend that the inlet port is connected to the sample points using 20mm diameter pipework to maximise the flow rate, and that the filling operation is controlled using 3/4" spring close valves. The drain port should be connected to the depot product recovery system, or storage tank using 40mm diameter pipework. The 20 Litre CCS should ideally be located to allow gravity drainage, but if not, we can supply a semi rotary pump and non return valve to drain the CCS.

When fuel is drawn into the CCs under pressure from the sample points the tangential inlet port promotes vortexing of the incoming fuel. This concentrates any contamination in the centre of the base, and makes detection very easy. The integral drain valve is opened to release the sample after completion of the visual inspection. Internal cleaning of the CCS is easily accomplished through the hinged lid.

Hydrometer and thermometer pockets for density and temperature checks can be provided in conjunction with a removable inner lid. The Shell Water Detector or Velcon Hydrokit test can either be fitted to the inner lid (internal), or to a self sealing valve in the inlet port (external).


4 Litre Closed Circuit Sampler

Description

The accepted method of checking the cleanliness of aviation fuel is the "clear and bright" test, where fuel is swirled around in an open bucket or clear glass jar and visually inspected. However, this procedure carries the risk of sample contamination from the elements or from dirty sample points. There is also a high probability of fuel spillage and contact with operations staff, which is unacceptable. The Closed Circuit Sampler (CCS) has been developed to overcome these problems and actually improves sampling procedures, and as a result it is now in widespread use with refuelling companies all over the world.

The CCS consists of a clear glass tube fitted to a white epoxy coated conical base to assist in the detection of dirt and water, and with a hinged vented cover. The base incorporates a tangential inlet port to promote vortexing of the incoming fuel, and a close coupled Stainless Steel drain valve. The inlet port should be connected to the sample points using small bore tubing (typically 10mm diameter), and we recommend fitting spring close inlet valves close to the CCS to control the filling operation, which we can also supply. The drain port should be connected into the hydrant dispenser dump tank, depot product recovery system, or storage tank using 20mm inside diameter pipework. It is recommended that the CCS is located such that gravity drainage is possible. If not, we are able to supply a rotary pump and non return valve to drain the CCS.

When fuel is drawn into the CCS under pressure from the sample points the tangential inlet port promotes vortexing of the incoming fuel. This concentrates any contamination in the centre of the base, making detection very easy. After the fuel has been visually inspected the drain valve is opened to release the sample. Internal cleaning of the CCS is easily accomplished through the hinged lid.

A number of options are also available. Hydrometer and thermometer pockets for density and temperature checks can be provided in conjunction with a removeable inner lid. It is also possible to carry out the Shell Water Detector or Exxon Hydrokit test on the fuel sample using an option which can either be fitted to the inner lid (internal), or to a self sealing valve in the inlet port (external). The CCS is available with BSPP or NPT threads.


High Capacity Closed Circuit Samplers

Description

For many years the range of Closed Circuit Samplers have led the way in the examination and quality checking of aviation fuel within a closed system. The benefits of Closed Sampling such as environmental acceptability, operational efficiency and safety, and minimal loss of product, have become widely recognised by fuel handling companies across the world. Our High Capacity Closed Circuit Samplers have been developed from our 4 Litre and 20 Litre units specifically for use in tank farms and other locations where large volume drain samples are required, and they share many of the innovative design features of their smaller cousins.

Traditionally, the low points of large fuel storage tanks have been water purged and sampled by flushing fuel into a Stainless Steel bucket, followed by sampling into an open glass jar. The procedure evolved further when we developed our 4 Litre Closed Circuit Sampler. With this system, the flush volume is fed into 3 Stainless Steel side tank, followed by the glass jar sample being drawn into a 4 Litre Closed Circuit Sampler. This system has continued in use until the development of our High Capacity Closed Circuit Sampler.

Our High Capacity Closed Circuit Sampler replaces both the Stainless Steel tank and the 4 Litre Sampler. It is connected directly to the main tank sample line, and the contents of both the sample line and tank low point are flushed into the glass vessel at a high flow rate through the spring close inlet valve. This allows the fuel velocity to be maximised and purges the low point more efficiently. It also ensures that any dirt and water will be seen, not just flushed into a side tank and ignored.

The unit has a polished Stainless Steel base incorporating a close coupled ball valve, which in conjunction with the tangential inlet and resultant fuel vortexing ensures that any contamination is highly visible to the operator. The unit is also available with hydrometer and thermometer pockets inside the glass tube for density/temperature checking, and with Shell Water Detector or Velcon Hydrokit test points fitted to the inlet pipework.

The inlet and outlet are flanged and there is a sample point in the outlet pipework fitted with a spring close ball valve. The complete unit is mounted onto 3 Stainless Steel support frame.

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Filtration

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Basket Strainers

Description

It is generally accepted that the presence of foreign matter in fluid handling systems is highly undesirable and can lead to the premature failure of critical high value items of equipment, such as pumps and meters. The installation of Basket Strainers is therefore highly recommended and widely practised in these systems. Basket Strainers have been in service all over the world for many years, protecting your critical items of fluid handling equipment.

Basket Strainers offer the end user a very low pressure loss under high flow conditions and an extended operational life. They are supplied with a quick release lid as standard, and this feature allows the basket to be removed quickly with no special tools, hence minimising the down time during basket cleaning. Basket removal is possible without the unit being fully drained. The lid is sealed with an O ring which gives the lowest possible clamping force with no gaskets required, and there is a side drain point to allow rapid drainage of the contents.

Optional features include the fitment of a differential pressure gauge or a float operated automatic air vent valve. For aviation fuel handling systems we can epoxy line the unit internally, and for more aggressive media we can supply our Basket Strainers in type 316 Stainless Steel.


Coalescers and Separators

Description

Coalescers are the first stage of filter water separators (FWS) which are used in the fuel distribution supply network. The flow direction is from in to out whereby the fuel moves through the pleated paper and any water is attracted to the polar fibres. When enough water has gathered on any one strand the flow of fuel dislodges the water which falls to the FWS sump. Water can be extremely dangerous when found in aviation fuel, coalescers are therefore a crucial part of fuel filtration.

The standard coalescer is constructed from an inner tube made of epoxy coated steel, a pleated paper section for filtration, a support tube, a coalescer wrap and finally a cotton sock. These layers ensure that the coalescer is sturdy and provides the best filtration possible. The end caps are made from glass fibre reinforced polyamide and are stamped according to the EI standards with date of manufacture and ID number. NBR (Buna-N) end seals are fitted.

Description

Separators are the second stage of filter water separators (FWS) which are used in the fuel distribution supply network. The flow direction is from out to in whereby they act as an effective water barrier. The fuel moves through hydrophobic material but the water collects on the surface until the droplets formed are large enough to fall to the sump of the FWS. The design of the covering material also stops the small water particles that may have not been collected at the coalescer stage.

Separators are constructed from an epoxy coated steel inner tube which is then covered with a separator screen. This screen can be made from either a Teflon coated Stainless Steel mesh or a synthetic plastic mesh. The end caps are made from glass fibre reinforced polyamide and are stamped according to the EI standards with date of manufacture and ID number. NBR (Buna-N) end seals are fitted.


Multi-Purpose Filter Vessels

Description

Many fluid handling systems require dirt or water removal from the process stream. At low flow rates, below approximately 200 Litres/Minute, small mass produced filter vessels are used. Large flow rates, typically above 1000 Litres/Minute, are dealt with by fabricating pressure vessels to order. However, these vessels are very expensive because they are designed and built in small quantities for specific applications. Until now there has been no sensibly priced filter vessel between the two extremes.

A typical application is aircraft refuelling. In this industry dirt and water levels must be kept very low, and filtration is specified by the fuel suppliers using internationally recognised standards. The mass produced vessels are ideal for refuelling small aircraft from kerbside pumps, but are totally inadequate for refuelling larger aircraft, or for road tanker offloading or fuleller loading.

We set out to design a low cost filter vessel to fill this gap in the market, and the result is our Horizontal Multi Purpose Filter (HMPF). It is aimed at into aircraft refuelling, road tanker offloading, and fueller loading at flow rates up to 500 Litres/Minute, which is typical for a small to medium sized airport fuel depot.

The HMPF is a horizontal Stainless Steel filter vessel designed to accept 6" outside diameter by 3.1/2" inside diameter cylindrical filter elements. Microfilter or water absorbing monitor elements can be fitted depending on the application. Our vessel has been designed from the outset with cost as one of the primary considerations, but we have incorporated high quality materials and workmanship within the vessel. Further cost reductions were achieved because we build the vessels in batches, to a standard design, and for stock.

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Deadman Systems & Accessories

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Electric Deadman Switch

Description

Intrinsically safe electric control of a pneumatically operated valve is now the most widely used method of controlling aircraft refuelling from either bowsers, hydrant dispensers, or fixed systems. This method is also increasingly used to control tanker loading and offloading operations. Simply holding the handswitch allows the operation to commence and continue, while releasing the handswitch invokes the "deadman" principle and will close down the operation, terminating flow. Because the handswitch is the point of control, it must be reliable, and yet sufficiently robust to survive the most arduous operating conditions. A failure could have catastrophic consequences.

The Handswitch

Fuelling Components offers you a lightweight Polypropylene handswitch which is comfortable for the operator to hold for long periods, and yet robust enough to survive in the hostile operating environment.

The handswitch is based on a magnetic reed switch housed in a hermetically sealed glass phial which in turn is encapsulated inside an easily removeable element. The body of the handswitch is fully sealed against water, fuel, dirt or dust ingress to IP67 standard and has an integral cable strain relief feature WHICH WORKS. The cable will not pull out of the switch if it is fitted correctly, as shown overleaf. The reed switch is operated by a positively retained permanent magnet fitted to 3 Stainless Steel trigger, which is secured to the main switch body by 3 Stainless Steel pin.

Cable termination is inside the body and uses a two way screwed terminal block, and we can supply the handswitch either with or without cable fitted. The free end of the cable can be terminated in your own junction box or with a weatherproof Niphan 2 pin Plug and Socket. A full range of operating spares is also available from stock.


Deadman/Filter Differential Pressure Protection System

Description

There are a number of Deadman systems, and also some dedicated filter Differential Pressure (DP) protection systems available. However, the DP protection systems which have been developed both monitor and correct the DP. The system is a combined system, so it can either be used as a Deadman system, or a simple DP protection system, or a combined Deadman and DP protection system.

The need for automatic DP correction is the subject of much debate, but it is universally accepted that the operator cannot consistently monitor the filter DP during a refuelling operation. In the event of a water slug passing into the filter monitor elements they will block very quickly causing a rapid rise in the filter DP with little or no warning. When this occurs it is very unlikely that the operator will be close enough to the DP Gauge to take action and shut the system down quickly. Also, after a rise in filter DP the operator can "cheat" the system and reduce the DP by reducing the system flow rate. This is a very dangerous situation because although the filter DP can be reduced in this manner, the elements themselves will still remain blocked and the risk of element rupture will remain.

Although filter DP Switches are available, until now little consideration has been given to using the output from the DP Switch in the optimal manner. Also, new vehicles can be fitted with a system relatively easily, but retro fit to existing vehicles on site is not so easy, and if this task is carried out with insufficient consideration it is possible that the final system may not be satisfactory. It is also likely that there will be no standard operating mode if there is a mix of converted and new vehicles at a location, and this will lead to confusion among the operators.


Wireless Deadman

Description

For many years it has been standard practice to employ a deadman system for aircraft refuelling, which automatically stops the flow of fuel when the operator releases a hand held switch. The switch is normally electric and is fed through a current limiting device via an extendable coiled suzie cable.

However, there are shortcomings with this system. The suzie cables are not always long enough for stand off refuelling, and therefore tend to be over stretched. This results in premature breakdown of the core which normally causes the system to fail closed, but there have been incidents where the result has been a short circuit, rendering the deadman system permanently operational, even when the switch is released. Also, it is now becoming more common for the refuelling operator to operate the aircraft fuel control panel whilst refuelling. This can require even longer suzie cables for stand off refuelling, or the use of a second suzie cable/switch mounted on the vehicle elevating platform when underwing refuelling wide bodied aircraft.

There is now a system available which helps overcome these problems, the Delta Wireless Deadnian System.

The Delta Wireless system uses a transmitter (the handswitch), to send a coded digital signal to a receiver unit inside the vehicle cab, which in turn controls the vehicle deadman system.

The signal is digital and transmits on an intermittent timeshare basis, and the receiver and handswitch are coded together. This combination of features allows the unit to operate without interference from stray radio signals or from adjacent wireless deadman systems.

The handswitch is ergonomically designed and is extremely robust and light in weight. It is fitted with a rechargeable battery with capacity for about 12 hours continuous operation, and incorporates a transmission indicator light and a low battery warning light, which tells the operator when he has 15 minutes battery life remaining. When the refuelling is finished the handswitch is stowed onto the receiver unit, at which point the battery is automatically recharged, initially at a high rate and thereafter on trickle charge. The charging contacts are current limited so it is not possible to generate a spark or shock from them, and they are also protected against short circuit. The action of stowing the handswitch automatically sends a signal to the vehicle brake interlock system. It is therefore impossible to drive the vehicle away unless the handswitch is stowed so it cannot be inadvertantly left at the aircraft.

A deadman timer feature is included as standard, with separate warning light and sounder outputs, although the timer can be disabled if not required. The receiver unit is fitted with an Emergency Stop button, which is also used for coding the handswitch to the receiver and to initiate a boost charging cycle should it be necessary.


Bonding & Earthing

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Continuity Tester

Description

Systems which transfer flammable liquids or powders must be bonded, or electrically connected in order to safely dissipate static electrical charges. However, it is important that these systems are tested regularly, because deterioration could result in a hazardous situation developing.

Traditionally, a resistance or multi function meter is used. These instruments are normally cumbersome, delicate, and should be used by skilled technicians. They do not detect the small changes in resistance which affect a bonding system and they are also not responsive enough to detect a worn bonding reel bearing or slip ring. Consequently it is unlikely that bonding systems will be checked frequently or in the correct manner. A number of specialised bonding system testers have been developed but they all have a variety of other shortcomings.

The Continuity Tester has been specifically designed for this task ONLY, so it does not sacrifice performance in the interests of being a multi purpose instrument and it is based on the very latest microprocessor technology.

The Continuity Tester is a foolproof Go/No Go device which can be used by non skilled personnel, and it is controlled by a microprocessor which offers significant operational advantages.

Touching the clips together switches the Continuity Tester on. It self checks calibration and available battery power and only then allows the test to proceed. The Continuity Tester uses a dual colour light emitting diode (LED) to indicate the condition of the bonding system under test, which makes the results very simple to interpret. If the system resistance is less than the set point, the LED will flash Green (Pass). If the system resistance is more than the set point, the LED will flash Red (Fail). The default set point is 25 Ohms which is in accordance with the JIG Guidelines for aviation fuel systems, but alternative set points (if required) can be specified at the time of order. In addition, throughout the test, a two figure digital display tells the operator the actual system resistance (in Ohms).

The Continuity Tester housing is ergonomically designed to be comfortably held in the hand and is moulded from impact resistant Polyamide, so it is lightweight, robust, and is highly portable.


Spring Rewind Static Bonding Reel

Description

It is accepted practice to bond adjacent system components when transferring flammable liquids or powders at high flow rates by using a bonding reel and cable. Spring rewind reels are favoured by the military, but have traditionally suffered from poor reliability under extreme service conditions, particularly when subjected to operational abuse.

The US Military Specifications MIL-R-83325 and A-A50696 (replaces MIL-R-83232) are therefore regarded as the definitive performance standards for spring rewind static earthing reels. Fuelling Components is now able to offer the Ametek Spring Rewind Static Bonding Reel, which meets, and indeed exceeds the requirements of the US Military Specifications.

By using the SPIR'ATOR spring in preference to the more commonly found power type spring, our Reel is approximately 1/3 of the size and 1/2 the weight of the other reels which conform to the US Military Specifications.

The cable is pulled out against the spring and a latch mechanism locks the drum in place.

Retraction is initiated by a slight pull on the cable which releases the latch. During retraction the speed is automatically regulated to between 0.6 and 2.0 metres per second by a unique centrifugal brake device, and the design is such that it should not be necessary for the operator to attend the rewind operation. This is not a requirement of the US Military Specifications but it is an additional benefit that this reel offers over many others. However, we recommend that the operator "walks" the cable back in as an additional safety precaution and to prolong service life.

The reel is constructed from plated Steel components with a stoved on red external paint finish for weather resistance, and the drum has a gasketed seal to protect all internal working parts from corrosion due to moisture ingress. The reel bearings are permanently lubricated.

As standard the reel is fitted with clear plastic coated Galvanised Steel cable and a Mueller type clip. Three sizes of reel are available with cable lengths of 15, 22 and 30 metres. However, the reels can be supplied with no cable fitted, or with alternative cable and clip type on request.


Copper Braided Bonding Cable

Description

One of the primary hazards associated with the transfer of petroleum products and bulk powders at high flow rates is the risk of sparking and resultant explosion due to the build up of static electrical charges.

Such a situation exists when loading or unloading petroleum spirit, hazardous waste or bulk flour road tankers or when refuelling aircraft. During such operations it is essential that the pipework system is electrically bonded to the tanker, or the refuelling vehicle to the aircraft, to ensure that no difference in potential exists between the adjacent system components. The cable used to achieve this is of critical importance.

The most widely accepted cable for static bonding consists of a 16xl4x0.15 braided Copper core with a clear PVC cover material, as used by all the major oil companies for aviation refuelling throughout the world.

The use of Copper ensures the lowest possible electrical resistance of 0.007 Ohms per metre length, and the braided construction resists the tendency of the cable to kink. The clear PVC cover protects the core from abrasion, the elements and fuel spillages whilst allowing regular visual inspection to check for breaks or internal damage.

With the ever increasing importance of safety in the workplace, we also now have a High Visibility grade available. To achieve this effect the PVC cover compound is dosed with green fluorescent pigment at a level which still maintains the transparency of the cover.

The range has been completed with the addition of a low temperature "Arctic" grade which can be used even in the coldest climates. However, this grade cannot be supplied with a transparent cover.

All three grades are available ex stock from Fuelling Components in either 250 metre long continuous coils or in cut lengths.

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Hoses & Hose Accessories

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Elaflex Aircraft Refuelling Hose

Description

It is essential that the hoses used to refuel aircraft are of the highest quality due to the critical nature of the application. The refuelling hose has a direct impact on fuel quality and operational safety, as well as being a major influence on your operational costs. These hoses are all subject to approval by the major fuel suppliers AFTER they have been tested to the international standards ISO 1825 (EN1361) and EI1529 7th edition. Following laboratory testing the hose then has to undergo an extensive field trial period.

Elaflex HD-C is a soft wall textile reinforced hose, and is approved by the major oil companies and air forces. It is recommended for all aircraft refuelling applications including reel hoses, platform (deck) hoses, hydrant dispenser inlet hoses, and fueller loading hoses. It can be used for Jet Fuel and Aviation Gasoline, and it is suitable for the majority of defuelling operations but not for exceptionally high defuelling rates.

HD-C hose is manufactured by the Continental Rubber Company, who only market their aviation refuelling hose through their branded dealer, Elaflex, and it has been the market leader for many years.


Safety Clamp Hose End Fittings

Description

When you need a re-useable, secure method of terminating a high pressure hose, the safety clamp system is an ideal solution. The system has been designed for use with modern braided hoses such as Gossler, Elaflex and Semperit, and is also suitable for use with hoses of a similar construction and dimensions from other manufacturers. The system is now widely used in critical high pressure applications such as the chemical industry and aircraft refuelling.

The safety clamp system consists of a forged hosetail matched to the hose inside diameter, in conjunction with a forged Aluminium two piece bolted clamp. The clamp assembly grips the outside of the hose when the bolts are tightened and this provides the "pull off” resistance, so it is critical that the clamp is correctly matched to the outside diameter of the hose.

This system has the unique combination of high working pressure in conjunction with assembly and disassembly under field condition using standard tools.


Hydrant Pit and Dispenser Inlet Hose Visibility

Description

A number of incidents in recent years have demonstrated the need to increase the visibility of the hydrant pit and dispenser inlet hose, particularly during night time refuelling. Collisions between aircraft servicing vehicles and hydrant pits or inlet hoses are becoming more common, both in darkness and in daylight, in good or poor weather conditions. In the event of the dispenser inlet system sustaining major damage from such a collision, high pressure Jet fuel could be released at a high flow rate, and one day this could have catastrophic effects, including fire and loss of life.

The current level of risk coupled with an increasing number of near misses prompted the Joint Inspection Group (JIG), to issue a Safety Bulletin entitled "Hydrant Pit Identification", which identified a number of key actions to improve pit and hose visibility. In order to meet this need Fuelling Components has developed the following pieces of equipment.

Our intake hose covers and pit flags are manufactured from the highest quality reinforced vinyl, they are double thickness and stitched with Nylon thread. The base material is bright orange and fade resistant for good daytime visibility. The ultra high reflective strip material gives excellent night time visibility and is plastic encapsulated to ensure long life.

We have used high quality materials throughout these products because the working conditions are so arduous. As a result our intake hose covers and pit flags last longer and perform better than traditional pennant type flags and chevron type intake hose covers. This is particularly evident when they are exposed to abrasion and degradation from road dirt, vehicle pressure wash systems and severe climatic conditions.

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Additive Injection Equipment


Hammonds Additive Injection Equipment

Description

Additives have to be injected into jet fuel, gasolines and other petroleum products at various stages of the distribution and supply chain. Some are added at the refinery but others become necessary at a later stage, either to compensate for additive depletion, to modify the fuel to a customers specification or because of compatibility issues with other fuel system components.

Hammonds additive injection units have a proven track record with a large number of military and commercial users worldwide so we can offer a unit for the majority of applications. As the units are self-powered, they can be installed in any part of the plant or pipeline system without the need for an air or electrical supply, making them the perfect choice for use in remote locations, hazardous areas and for vehicle or trolley mounting.

The Hammonds injection unit is based on a fluid motor powered by product flow in the pipeline. This fluid motor is mechanically connected to up to four injection pumps either directly or through fixed or variable ratio gearboxes. The mechanical interface between fluid motor and pump ensures that as the product flow increases or decreases the speed of the pump also increases or decreases. Once the correct injection ratio is set it will remain correct even as product flow changes and when flow stops, injection stops.

The fluid motor may either be a simple turbine or a unique positive displacement design, and the pumps can be either piston, diaphragm or rotary. Fluid motors can be Aluminium alloy, Carbon or Stainless Steel and are easily installed between flanges in the piping system downstream of the product delivery pump. The additive is normally injected at the fluid motor but may also be injected remotely.

In addition to stand—alone units we can supply fully assembled and tested packages with additive reservoirs, hoses, couplings and flow metering if required.


Packaged Additive Injection Systems

Description

Fuelling Components manufactures a range of packaged additive injection systems based on Hammonds injection units which have a proven reputation for reliable long term operation with both commercial and military customers. The Hammonds units do not require any external power supply so they are the ideal choice for use in self contained systems such as these. Systems can be manufactured to individual customer specifications or we can offer you a system based around one of our standard designs.

HC Cart - Additive Injection Trolley

The HC cart is a stand alone injection system designed to connect into a fuelling system where it is inappropriate to permanently install a system in the pipework.

Typical applications would be anti-icing additive for light aircraft and helicopters at small airfields, biocide injection at aircraft maintenance companies or even testing of new additives where a customer wants to demonstrate cost savings through additive use prior to investing in infrastructure.

The HC cart is a standard chassis which can be fitted with a range of fluid motors and additive pumps, accessories and additive reservoirs. This allows a complete bespoke system to be supplied in a short leadtime and without incurring the expense of a custom designed system.

The system can be fitted with inlet and outlet connections or couplings. Various hose diameters and lengths can be provided to suit individual applications.

Skid mounted additive injection systems

Fuelling Components can install any additive injection system into custom fabricated frames to suit specific customer requirements. Pipespools can also be provided in accordance with existing site pipework specifications and the complete system can be pre-painted and tested.

This service allows a system to be installed between existing flanged connections on customer sites without the need for hot work during installation.

Accessories and controls can be pre—installed onto skid frames including flow meters, control panels and alarms, all of which reduces the time and therefore cost of the site installation work.

All systems can be supplied fully assembled, pressure tested and flow tested. Fuelling Components operates a 3D design system so all installation drawings can be provided quickly and easily for approval.

Third party inspections can be accommodated and factory acceptance tests can be arranged. All systems can be supplied with relevant local approvals including ATEX, PED and CE marks.

Towable Additive Injection Systems

Fuelling Components can install additive injection units with all necessary accessories onto trailers to meet customer needs.

Any system can be installed on a trader but typically 3" and 4" systems are most common. These systems are often used for aircraft fuelling operations and for fueller loading at the gantry.

They are a cost effective solution for locations which have existing infrastructure but without additive injection capability.

The most common application is for injection of Fuel System Icing Inhibitor, Corrosion Inhibitor and Static Dissipator to convert commercially available Jet fuel into a Military specification fuel.

Trailers are often supplied to Military organisations who utilise civilian facilities or who need to satisfy NATO requirements for fuelling capability.

Available options:

  • 3" system - 50 to 1000 litres per minute
  • 4" system - 200 to 2500 litres per minute
  • Additive reservoirs in various sizes to suit application
  • Hose reels
  • Hose stowage brackets for shorter hoses
  • Inlet and outlet couplings or nozzles to suit aviation applications
  • API inlet and outlet adaptors to suit road loading applications
  • Sample points with flush tanks
  • Full Euro approved road going trailers
  • Slow speed airfield only use trailers

Trailer systems go through a rigorous design process to ensure that the system is fully compatible with the customers operational needs and that they meet any necessary regulations.

Trailer systems are supplied fully assembled and pressure tested as standard and full calibration tests on test rig can be completed prior to delivery.

Full training in operation and maintenance can be provided either at customer premises or test facility.


Valves, Sight Flow Indicators & Flexible Joints

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Apollo Bronze Deadman Ball Valve

Description

With the increased need for operational safety and environmental awareness, in many applications the risks associated with inadvertently leaving a ball valve fully or partially open are now unacceptable. The "Deadman" operating principle is therefore required, where releasing the ball valve handle automatically causes the valve to close.

This has traditionally been achieved by fitting a clock type torsion spring box to a standard ball valve via tailor made mounting brackets, and has presented a number of problems. The torsion spring is prone to failure when abused, and the combination with a standard ball valve requires an excessive operating torque which in turn imparts unusual pipework loadings. Also, because the valve and spring return units have been designed in isolation, the brackets are usually complex and themselves prone to failure. The overall system is expensive and bulky, with the spring return unit often costing more than the valve itself.

However, a practical and inexpensive alternative solution is now available.

The Apollo Deadman Ball Valve

The Apollo Deadman Handle and Series 71 Ball valve have been designed in parallel to produce a workable solution to the problems outlined.

The Series 71 Ball valve is constructed from Bronze with a Brass ball and stem, the seats and seals are reinforced PTFE. The ball is Chrome plated and the stem is of a blow out proof design. The end connections are threaded NPT female. However, the valve also has an integral mounting pad to secure the Deadman Handle directly, without the need for complex, expensive, and unreliable brackets.

The Deadman Handle is of all Stainless Steel construction and utilises an adjustable compression spring fitted inside the handle itself., and the spring load can be quickly set on site to give the optimum operating torque. The handle is plastic covered and is 25 mm in diameter to give comfortable hand grip and easy operation.

The combination of handle and valve amounts to the most reliable, most compact and most cost effective answer to the Deadman Ball Valve requirement.


TW Flexible Expansion Joints

Description

In fluid handling systems it is often necessary to make allowance for pipework expansion, vibration and slight misalignment. This is particularly recommended where a large flexibly mounted component, such as a storage tank, or a vibrating mass, such as a pump or hosereel, is connected to the system. This flexibility is normally achieved by fitting a flexible expansion joint.

The Elaflex TW Flexible Expansion Joint consists of a flexible centre section mounted between two flanges. The inner liner is Nitrile rubber which resists all light hydrocarbon products with less than 50% aromatics content, furnished with an electrically conductive Chloroprene cover for static charge dissipation. The flanges are forged Aluminium in accordance with the TW pattern which is commonly used on road tanks.

The TW Flexible Expansion Joint can be connected to the mating flanges without the use of additional gaskets due to the overlapping profile of the rubber section. It is suitable for use in pressure or vacuum applications, however, if it is used under high vacuum conditions we recommend that a Stainless Steel Vacuum Support Ring is fitted.

Fuelling Components holds stock of complete assemblies from 50 mm to 150 mm diameter, and also replacement centre sections.


Sight Flow Indicators

Application

These sight glasses are used to check for the presence of liquid in a piping system. There are three variants, style P, style S or style F. They can be used in vertical or horizontal lines and the integral drip lip in the style P unit makes it ideal for leak detection. The highly visible PTFE spinner in the style S unit is used to check the flow of a liquid in a pipeline, and the flap in the style F unit can be used for flow rate monitoring.

Construction

The bodies can be cast Carbon Steel or 316 Stainless Steel. The glass windows are held in place by Stainless Steel covers and screws, and sealed with PTFE gaskets, giving superior protection. For ease of maintenance the glasses can be individually removed and replaced. For stand applications the indicator is fitted with toughened soda lime glass discs to BS3463 rated to l6 Bar.

The sight glasses can be supplied with the ends threaded female NPT, BSP parallel or taper. Standard flanges are ANSI 150, ANSI 300 and PN16, but special flanges and socket weld ends can also be supplied.

Available Options

Body:- It is possible supply sight glasses in special materials such as super duplex or low Carbon Steels. Sight glasses conforming to NACE MR0175 can be produced.
Glass:- High pressure toughened soda lime to BS3463 rated to 40 bar, toughened borosilicate to BS3463 or DIN7080 rated up to 16 bar. The high pressure range uses powder coated mild steel covers as standard. Stainless steel covers are available as an option.
Spring:- (style F only):- For high flow rates and vertical pipelines the flap can be spring loaded, this option gives three times the normal flow range.

Quality

All flow indicators are manufactured to the highest standards and the quality system is independently audited by BSI and certified to ISO 9000. The indicators are fully PED compliant and can be CE marked where required. Full material traceability is maintained. Material certificates and pressure test certificates can be supplied on request.

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